What precisely does it scrounging when they read out a horse is gaited?
And what does it mean when a horse is not gaited?
In contemporary times gait has has come to mean a horse beside more than the normal 3 gaits simple because people can't be bothered to say aloud 4 or 5 gait horse or ambling(extra) gaits. So even though all horse have 3 gait, now-a-days saying that a horse is not gaited, simply mean it only have the 3 normal gaits(walk, trot, canter).
Wiki has a good description of horses gait if you want to read more
Here are a few breeds that gait-
The Morgan Single Footing Horse . They may walk, trot, and canter, but, must also readily accomplish their gait which may be a running walk, a rack, fox trot or stepping pace. The Morgan Horse has contributed to the formation of most American gaited breeds. These include the Tennessee Walking Horse, the Missouri Fox Trotting Horse, and the Racking Horse, among others. The foundation sire of the Tennessee Walking Horse breed, Allen F-1, is the great-grandson of the notable Morgan stallion, Black Hawk, who is himself beleaved to be a Naragansett Pacer. Bloodlines that most typically display gait include Jubilee King and Flyhawk.
Saddlebreds can also be five-gaited, performing not only the walk, trot, and canter, but the slow-gait and rack. The slow gait is a four-beat gait performed contained by a prancing motion, lifting the legs very high. The rack is a more ground-covering four-beat gait, and is much faster, with the horse snapping their knees and hocks up with alacrity. Ancestors of the Saddlebred were naturally gaited, and many Saddlebreds nowadays can naturally perform them, and most can learn the spare gaits.
Icelandic horses are known for their special gaits. Apart from amble, trot and canter, and gallop, nearly all Icelandic horses are able to t"olt (rack) and most can go surrounded by skeid (pace). Skeid is a gait where the horse moves both legs of one side at the same time; it is considered a gait for racing, and ridden at the proper speed is call flugskeid, loosely translated as "flying pace". A slow pace, like that used in riding confident Peruvian horse breeds, is considered undesirable in Icelandic horses, and is called lull (piggy pace). Not all horses possess tread. Those that do are called "five-gaited" horses. Those that do not are called "four-gaited" horses. Although the breeding goal is for the reliable five-gaited horse, in reality four-gaited horses are no less prized. There are also three-gaited (non-gaited) Icelandic Horses, but they are considered significantly undesirable in Iceland. T"olt is a gait possessed by the overwhelming majority of Icelandic horses. T"olt is the same gait as the rack; the horse moves its legs in one and the same sequence as while walking, with alternating one foot / two foot support, which is done at speed from 5 to 25 mph. The t"olt is very smooth and is a pleasure to ride. It is a different gait from the running walk of the Tennessee Walking Horse. Most horse breeders work to breed dignified quality into these gaits.
The Mangalarga Marchador has a innate ambling gait. It is described as follows: Gaited, symmetrical progress, at four times, with alternate support of the bipeds side and diagonal, always inserted by moments of triple hoof support. Ideal characteristics: regular, elastic, next to incident of overfootprint or ultrastuck, always balanced, with progress within diagonal and times of support of the diagonal bipeds bigger side than lateral, discreet movement of arms, describing seen semicircle of profile, good flexibility of articulations. The gait of the Mangalarga Marchador is its hallmark. The Marchador horse can present in any one of three broad category of ambling gaits: the "marcha picada", a lateral gait ranging from a somewhat pace-like running walk to a step similar to the Icelandic flying pace; the "marcha batida", a diagonal gait similar to the fox trot or paso trocha; and the "center march", which is very close to the classic running walk see on naturally-shod Tennessee Walkers, such as those shown in the 1930s and 40s.
The breed is best known for its unique gait, specified as the fox trot,a four-beat diagonal gait in which the horse appears to walk with its front legs and trot next to its hind.The gait, however, is not a mixed patter of footfalls, it has a clear pattern of diagonal foot movement where on earth the front foot hits the ground split-second before the opposite rear foot. The leader shakes in unison with the rhythm of the gait. The tail perfectly balance the movements of the head. Because the horse has a four-beat motion rather than a two-beat trot, the gait is trouble-free to sit. It is accompanied by an up and down head nodding. The horses, unlike some other gaited breeds, do not have high-stepping exploit, but rather a very smooth, comfortable ride. The fox trot can be maintained for great stretches of time, reaching speeds up to 12 mph. A Fox Trotter can also act a speed fox trot which goes 12-18 mph. The Fox Trotter also performs the flat-footed walk and the regular canter. Some Fox Trotters can also achieve various lateral ambling gaits, such as the running walk or singlefoot. However, the fox trot is considered a more surefooted gait.
The Paso Fino pulls their backside end carriage underneath to support themselves and any weight they may be carrying. Their steps are short next to the legs going up and down beneath them rather than extended in front or behind them and a short, strong pay for. The longer the back, the longer the leg, the greater the extension in stride, the less the horse can transport in the centre of its back and the rougher the ride.Its aficionados claim that the Paso Fino is the smoothest riding horse surrounded by the world because of its natural, even, four beat ambling gait that can be performed at varying speeds.The classic fino is a collected gait near rapid footfall that covers little ground but is showy. It is sometimes described as akin to the movement of a locomotive with each set of hooves, one side at a time, hitting the ground, one footfall closely following the other. The paso corto is a moderate, four stuff lateral gait good for trail riding. The speed of this gait is comparable to the speed of a trot but is much smoother. The paso largo is a fast, lateral, four-beat gait in which the horse can make speeds equivalent to a canter or slow gallop. The paso largo is not just an increase in speed but also shows a distinct extension in stride. The paso largo can be extremely quick, up to 25-30 mph. Only a few Paso Finos can perform a true classic fino, but the majority perform the other gaits beside ease. The correctness of the gait is very important by today's standards, for this reason horses with a very even four beat gait are much preferred for professional breeding. In Colombia nearby are native horses who perform a slightly different, unevenly timed diagonal four hammer gait, known as the "trocha," which is also very smooth. While some Paso Finos will perform the trocha, it is discouraged and considered a condemn in the purebred Paso Fino. In Colombia the "trocha" has evolved, becoming a separate genealogical strip, and is totally inherited, as paso fino is. Trocha rivals in popularity with paso fino within Colombia, with fine exponents in both gaits, and crossbreeding is very soon avoided.
Instead of a trot, the Peruvian Paso performs an ambling four beat gait between the walk and the canter. It is a lateral gait, surrounded by that it has four equal beats and is performed laterally - not here hind, left fore, right hind, right fore. The Peruvian Paso performs two variations of the four-beat gait. The first, the paso llano (a contraction of Paso Castellano), is isochronous, connotation that there are four equal beats in a 1-2-3-4 rhythm. This is the preferred gait. The moment gait, the sobreandando, is faster. Instead of four equal beats, the lateral beats are closer together in a 1-2, 3-4 rhythm, next to the pause between the forefoot of one side to the rear of the other side is longer.This characteristic gait be utilized for the purpose of covering long distances over a short period of time without tiring the horse or rider. The gait is natural and does not require extensive training. Purebred Peruvian Paso foals can be see gaiting alongside their dams within a few hours of their birth. The gait supplies essentially none of the vertical bounce that is all your own of the trot, and hence posting (moving up and down with each of the horse's footfalls) is unnecessary. It is also very steady, as the execution of the gait means there are always two, and sometimes three, foot on the ground. Because the rider feels no strain or jolt, gaited horses such as the Peruvian Paso are often popular beside riders who have back trouble.
Racking Horse it is known for a distinctive singlefoot gait. A express lateral gait.
Tennessee Walking Horses are known for their ambling gaits: the running walk, the flat waddle, and for their gentle, "rocking horse" canter. Although many members of the breed can complete other gaits, including the trot, fox trot, rack, stepping pace, and single foot, these gaits are typically penalize in breed shows since they are not considered "correct" gaits for a Walking Horse. The running walk is the most legendary gait, with speeds from 10-20 km/h (6-12 mph). As the speed increases, the horse's rear foot overstrides the foot overstrides the front print 15-45 cm (6-18 in). The greater the overstride, the better a "walker" the horse is said to be. The horse nods its guide in both the running and the flat walk, the ears swinging with the gait.
When some one says horses gait it only just means they have something different other than the hike trot and canter. Some like the pasos cant trot and others like a saddlbred are trained 2 extra gait but still can do the original 3. than there are some that can do an extra gait and the 3 original with out being trained
Gaited generally means they step single footed, making for a smooth (not bouncy close to a trot) ride.
Non-gaited means they trot (usually) which is more bouncy not single footed